📋Glossary
This section provides a glossary of terms and definitions for the asylum & refugee sector.
Term
Definition
OISC
Office of the Immigration Services Commissioner
SRA
Solicitor Regulation Authority
BRP
Biometric Residence Permit
ARC
Asylum Registration Card
Case law
(See Precedent)
Principles of law arising from court decisions.
Concessionary policies
Policies that the Home Office has developed in immigration and asylum cases that are not law, but which the Home Office should follow.
Discretionary policies
Policies that the Home Office has developed in immigration and asylum cases that are not law, but which the Home Office should follow.
Discretionary Leave
Leave granted outside the immigration rules at the discretion of the Home Office to those considered not to be in need of international protection or who have been excluded from such protection.
EEA
European Economic Area-consists of the Member States of the European Union (EU) and three countries of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) (Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway; excluding Switzerland).
EU
European Union-is a political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Exceptional Leave
(See Discretionary Leave and Humanitarian Protection)
(See Discretionary Leave and Humanitarian Protection) Exceptional Leave to Enter or Remain granted outside the immigration rules at the discretion of UKVI. Such leave has been replaced by the terms Discretionary Leave and Humanitarian Protection.
First-tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber)
The First-tier (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) or FTT (IAC) is an independent Tribunal dealing with appeals against decisions made by the Home Secretary and immigration officials in immigration, asylum and nationality matters
General information
Information about immigration and asylum procedures that does not refer to an individual’s circumstances, for example, leaflets that explain various immigration procedures.
Humanitarian Protection
Leave granted to anyone who is unable to demonstrate a claim for asylum, but who would if returned to their country of origin face a serious risk to life or person arising from the death penalty, unlawful killing, torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Immigration Judge
The title given to a member of the First-tier and Upper Tribunals of the Immigration and Asylum Chambers.
Judicial Review
The procedure by which the Upper Tribunal or Administrative Court determines the legality of decisions made by public bodies. Judicial Review is confined to the review of questions of law, and does not extend to a review of the merits of the administrative decision or the facts of the case.
McKenzie Friend
A term used to describe someone who assists an unrepresented party in court (taking notes, acting as a witness to proceedings, organising papers and/or quietly giving advice). They have no right of audience, and can address the court only if invited by the presiding judge. The OISC does not permit such activity by OISC regulated advisers.
Points Based System (PBS)
The points-based immigration system is the means by which the UK Government regulates immigration into the United Kingdom from outside the EEA. It is composed of five ‘tiers’, which replaced all previous work permits.
Precedent
A judgment or decision that should be followed in cases where there are similar facts (see case law above).
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